No visit to Egypt is complete without visiting the awe-inspiring temples of Abu Simbel. Built by Ramses II in the 13th Century BC, Ramses had four gigantic statues of himself hewn from the mountainside. The largest ever built in Egypt, they were created to impress upon the Nubians his power and greatness. In the 1960’s, due to the construction of the Aswan High Dam, the temples were carefully moved, block by block, and fitted back together in a specially constructed artificial cliff. The whole project took almost 4 years to complete, and was so precisely measured that twice a year, in February and October, the rising sun penetrates all the way to the temple’s interior as it was originally constructed.